International Consultant- Development of a National Labor Migration Policy and Strategy for Ethiopia Vacancy in Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Organization: International Organization for Migration
Closing date: 27 Oct 2021
  1. Vacancy Number: IOM-CFA/0122/21

  2. Position title: International Consultant – Development of a National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy for Ethiopia

  3. Duty Station of the Consultancy: Home based

  4. Duration of Consultancy: November 2021 – May 2022

  5. Posting Period: 14.10.2021-27.10.2021

Background

Ethiopia is one of the most prominent source countries for mixed migration in the Horn of Africa. It also serves as transit or destination for migrants/refugees/asylum seekers from the region. Over the last two decades, Ethiopia has been experiencing a growing outflow of migrant workers in direction of countries with high demand for low-skilled labour such as countries in the Arabian Gulf. This flow is also fueled by push factors such as high demographic growth and limited absorption capacity of urban centers thereof, poverty despite high economic growth, lack of strong and institutionalized overseas employment services, wage differentials in Ethiopia and countries of destinations and a range of cultural factors, among which the expectation that the youth should migrate in order to support their families back home. Gendered expectations and stereotypes can constitute gender-specific drivers for migration.

The main countries of destination for these migrants were Saudi Arabia (79%), Kuwait (20%) and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) as well as other countries (1%) as per MOLSA’s figures (2016). The growing phenomenon of regular labour outmigration has been occurring parallel to a similar irregular flow of a higher magnitude. In addition to the abuses irregular migrants face en route (dehydration, hunger, lack of shelter, hygiene, beating, deception, theft, exploitation, gender-based violence kidnaping for ransom, torture, extortion, and sometimes death) abuses suffered by Ethiopian migrant workers, in particular domestic workers (with regular status or not), in Gulf and Middle Eastern countries have been well documented. In particular women migrant workers may experience different forms of discrimination at all stages of the migration process, due to their status, the nature of their employment sector and stereotyped conceptions of the roles of women and men. Migrant workers are also often the least able to assert their rights.

Addressing these challenges in a holistic and sustainable approach calls for the development of effective rights-based and gender-responsive governance instruments and mechanisms. Rights-based and gender-responsive labour migration governance responds to the different realities of migrant women, men, girls and boys by promoting and protecting their human rights at all stages of migration. Thereby it results in significant benefits for countries of origin and destination and for migrant workers and their family members.

The Government of Ethiopia (GoE) in recognition of these challenges have taken various legislative as well as administrative measures to ensure protection to Ethiopian labour migrants. Though there has not been a clear labour migration policy put in place, the GoE is on the verge of finalizing a comprehensive national migration policy. In the recent past, the GoE has taken further steps in regulating labour migration by centralizing labour migration in job creation, issuing a proclamation to regulate overseas employment services as well as establish a separate overseas employment directorate under the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs - all creating favorable conditions for development of an all-embracing national programme aimed at enhancing labour migration governance.

The GoE, recognizes the importance of a National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy to create a framework for labour migration governance, inform institutional and regulatory reforms, facilitate international cooperation, and guide future programming. The draft National Migration Policy currently under development delineates broad policy objectives and strategies for priority areas, including labour migration. There is an understanding that the National Migration Policy should be complemented by sectorial policies such as the National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy (LMPS). It is in this vein that the former Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (the now called Ministry of Labour and Skills), with support from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), has embarked on the process of developing a dedicated policy.

The Labour Migration Policy and Strategy will:

a) align with the Overseas Employment Proclamation No. 923/2016 and its amendment Proclamation No. 1246/2021 Diaspora Policy, Government of Ethiopia’s (GoE) Ten-Years Perspective Plan and 5 years National Development Plan, strategic plans of key Government ministries/institutions such as Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs (MoLSA) and Job Creation Commission (JCC) and the National Migration Policy being developed as well as relevant national sectoral policies and strategies of Ethiopia including the key priorities of the GoE under the framework of the Global Compact for Migration (GCM)**

b) align with international instruments including the 1990 UN International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families; the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women, the ILO Multilateral Framework on Labour Migration (ILO, 2006); the ILO Domestic Workers Convention, 2011 (No. 189), ILO Convention 97 on Migration for Employment, ILO Convention 143 on Migrant Workers, etc.**

c) align with the priority actions identified by Member States on the signed Communique and Call of Action of Regional Ministerial Forum on “Harmonizing Labour Migration Policies in East and Horn of Africa, a united approach on Safe, Regular and Humane Labour Migration” (January 21, 2020); **

d) take stock of and contribute to the implementation of the Revised Migration Policy Framework for Africa and the Plan of Action, the Joint Labour Migration Programme, the IGAD Free Movement Protocol, Africa Symposium on Labour Mobility of 2018 and the Roadmap for Fostering Safe and Orderly Labour Mobility within and from Africa (2018-2023), the Joint recommendations from the East and Horn of Africa regional workshop to promote ethical recruitment (Entebbe, Uganda, May 21-23, 2019), and recommendations of the Global Conference on the Regulation of International Recruitment (Montreal, Canada, June 6-7, 2019); and other cross-thematic regional migration initiatives.**

e) consider principles such as whole-of-government, whole-of-society, national sovereignty, and international cooperation, and good practices and approaches, tools and methodologies on labour migration governance. **

f) incorporate gender, child protection, and human rights considerations in responding to the needs of migrant workers.**

IOM Ethiopia is therefore looking for a qualified individual consultant to formulate a rights-based and gender-responsive National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy. The selected consultant will be contracted by IOM and will work closely with the Technical Team established to facilitate the development of the policy and strategy document as well as action plan for further implementation, under direct supervision of the Program coordinator of the Migration Management Unit.

The development of the rights-based and gender-responsive National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy will also form part of the Joint Programme on Labour Migration Governance for Development and Integration (better known as the Joint Labour Migration Programme, or JLMP). The JLMP is a long-term joint undertaking between the African Union Commission (AUC), the International Labour Migration (ILO), IOM and the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), in coordination with other relevant partners operating in Africa, development cooperation actors, private sector organizations and civil society representatives. It is the instrument dedicated to the implementation of the 5th Key Priority Area of the Declaration and Plan of Action on Employment, Poverty Eradication and Inclusive Development, which was adopted by the Assembly of Heads of States and Governments in January 2015, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The JLMP aims to contribute to the effective governance and regulation of labour migration and mobility for enhanced sustainable development, inclusive economic growth and regional integration of the African Continent.

Objective, scope, and methodology of the consultancy

The overall objective of the consultancy is to provide technical assistance to the process of drafting a comprehensive and coherent National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy for Ethiopia.

The specific objectives are to:

a) Develop a quick initial compendium of existing Ethiopian legislation and policies relevant to the national labour migration policy, also inclusive of bilateral, regional, continental, and extra-continental legislation and policies in the labour migration sector directly affecting Ethiopia

b) Conduct a gap analysis on policies to identify labour migration governance gaps in the existing national regulatory framework.

c) Based on the findings of the gap analysis and consultations with relevant GoE authorities, develop an analytical framework and criteria for the analysis and selection of policy options, evaluation framework for the selection of policy options, and co-design (with relevant technical team) the consultative process with government and non-government actors at key stages of the policy making process

d) Provide analytical and document drafting support to new National Labour Migration Policy and strategy document[1] and accompanying implementation plan by working in close coordination with the relevant team.**
Organizational Department / Unit to which the Consultant is contributing:**

This consultancy assignment is conducted under the framework of the Joint Programme on Labour Migration Governance for Development and Integration (JLMP). The JLMP Action (WBS code LM.0345) is a long-term joint undertaking between the African Union Commission (AUC), the International Labour Migration (ILO), IOM and the UN Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), with the objective to contribute to the effective governance and regulation of labour migration and mobility for enhanced sustainable development, inclusive economic growth and regional integration of the African Continent.

Under the direct supervision of the Migration Management Unit program coordinator, the consultancy will be coordinated by the Ministry of Labour and Skills (MoLS) and IOM Ethiopia. The consultant will receive guidance on this task from Ministry of Labour and Skills, IOM Ethiopia and the relevant team established to spearhead drafting of the national labour migration policy and strategy and in close coordination with AUC and ILO as key partners of the JLMP program.

Category B Consultants: Tangible and measurable outputs of the work assignment

  1. First deliverable – Inception report outlining the approach and workplan. - First instalment payment (10% of the total consultancy fee) - Deliverable within 5 working days of signing the contract.\
  2. Second deliverable – Compendium of existing Ethiopian national legislation and policies relevant to the national labour migration policy, as well as bilateral, regional, continental, and extra-continental policies affecting Ethiopia – Second Installment payment (20% fo the total consultancy fee)- Deliverable by 30 November 2021
  3. Third deliverables – Third installment payment (40% fo the total consultancy fee) upon submission of the below two deliverables

  4. An analysis of policies to identify labour migration governance gaps in the existing national regulatory framework – Deliverable by 31 December 2021 and

  5. Analytical framework and criteria for the analysis, evaluation and selection of policy options, evaluation framework for the selection of policy options – Deliverable by 28th February 2022

  6. Final deliverable – Final draft of National Labour Migration Policy and Strategy document and accompanying implementation plan – Fourth and Final instalment payment (30% of overall contract value) - Deliverable by 31 May 2022

Performance indicators for the evaluation of results

  • Inception report
  • Compendium of existing Ethiopian national legislation and policies
  • Gap analysis report on policies to identify labour migration governance gaps in the existing national regulatory framework
  • Analytical framework and criteria for the analysis, evaluation and selection of policy options
  • Final National LM policy and strategy document and accompanying implementation plan
    Education, Experience and/or skills required

Education

Minimum of Advanced University degree in Political, Social Science or Public Administration, International Relations, Law, Human Rights or alternatively an equivalent combination of relevant training and experience in policy development.

Experience

  • At least 10 years of professional work experience in migration and/or related fields of policy review and development.
  • Demonstrable technical experience in social research in the area of labour migration, mixed migration in the region or African continent is highly desirable.
  • In-depth knowledge of contemporary migration dynamics / migration and development issues in Africa and East Africa.
  • Strong knowledge on human rights, labour standards and gender in the context of labour migration.
  • Proven previous work experience consisting of substantial involvement in assessments, evaluations, policy formulation and/or reviews in related areas.
  • In-depth knowledge of migration governance as well as issues of labour migration, diaspora and development, and return/reintegration;
  • Knowledge of global, continental and regional policies, laws and initiatives regarding labour migration, migration and mobility.
  • Previous work experience with the AUC, RECs, the UN (in general) and the IOM and ILO in particular;**Travel required** Travel required to co-design and facilitate (with relevant technical team) the consultative process with government and non-government actors at key stages of the policy making processCompetencies

Values

i. Inclusion and respect for diversity: respects and promotes individual and cultural differences; encourages diversity and inclusion wherever possible.

ii. Integrity and transparency: maintains high ethical standards and acts in a manner consistent with organizational principles/rules and standards of conduct.

iii. Professionalism: demonstrates ability to work in a composed, competent and committed manner and exercises careful judgment in meeting day-to-day challenges.

Core Competencies – behavioral indicators

iv. Teamwork: develops and promotes effective collaboration within and across units to achieve shared goals and optimize results.

v. Delivering results: produces and delivers quality results in a service-oriented and timely manner; is action-oriented and committed to achieving agreed outcomes.

vi. Managing and sharing knowledge: continuously seeks to learn, share knowledge and innovate.

vii. Accountability: takes ownership for achieving the Organization’s priorities and assumes responsibility for own action and delegated work.

viii. Communication: encourages and contributes to clear and open communication; explains complex matters in an informative, inspiring and motivational way.

How to apply:

Interested candidates are invited to submit their application/ motivation letter enclosed with only detail CV written in English and financial proposal via our e-mail address RECADDIS@IOM.INT, by 27th of October , 2021 at the latest, referring the position title and Vacancy number in the subject line of your email; no photocopies of educational/training certificates is required at this stage; applicant who doesn't follow the required application procedure will automatically be disqualified from the competition.

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted.

We strongly encourage qualified women to apply!



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