TOR: Gender Analysis for Cotton & Textile Project under RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Program in Solidaridad East and Central Africa Vacancy in Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Organization: Solidaridad Eas & Central Africa
Closing date: 8 Aug 2021


Solidaridad Network is an international solution-oriented civil society organization working through eight regional expertise centres to transform markets to make them more sustainable and inclusive. Our eight regional expertise centres include Asia, Eastern and Central Africa, Europe, Latin America, North America, Southern Africa, South America, West Africa and our global Secretariat in the Netherlands. Solidaridad Eastern and Central Africa, one of the regional centres, headquartered in Nairobi, Kenya with country offices and programmes in Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Tanzania and Uganda. We bring together supply chain players and engage them with innovative solutions to improve production, ensuring the transition to a sustainable and inclusive economy that maximizes the benefit for all. We facilitate strengthening of local capacity in developing countries, support the creation of enabling environments for economies to thrive, and improve market access.


RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Is a 5-year program (2021-2025) supported by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Kingdom of the Netherlands. The program is implemented through a consortium and in brief it tries to invoke the actual meaning of sustainability both in theory and practice in global commodity supply chains.

Sustainability seems to have lost its true meaning. There is no such thing as sustainable products when the people who produce those goods live in poverty, when natural resources are not managed sustainably, and working conditions are poor.

Civic space in supply chains of our target countries remains confined. Space for farmers and workers to improve their position in the chain, to bargain for better prices, or working conditions, or to influence equitable access and use of natural resources, in the countries and sectors of our focus is limited.

Systemic, transformative change is therefore required by reclaiming the essence of sustainability through an enabled civic space that sets the right conditions for this to happen.

Given the above explanation, the strategic objective of the RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Program is to contribute to inclusive sustainable value chains and trade in an innovative way, in which the interests, voices and rights of farmers, workers and citizens (both male and female) are represented and heard in decision making for sustainable use of natural resources, decent work, fair value distribution, and sustainable consumption.

The Program’s theory of change's premise is that: IF we strengthen civil society; IF we increase and maintain civic space; and IF we apply a gender & social inclusion approach - throughout all our interventions in trade and value chains; - THEN this will influence the public and private sector to adopt and implement sustainability norms that will ultimately alleviate the poverty of farmers and workers.

The RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Program works in 7 supply chains being; Palm Oil, Cocoa, Cotton & Textiles, Gold, Food Products, Tea and Coffee. These commodity supply chains are sub-projects of the entire program. We see a strong relevance of these sectors for the global living income/decent work agenda, and a strong linkage with the local Dutch embassy priorities.

The program seeks to strengthened interaction between:

• A Vibrant and Strong Civil Society that engages and debates with public and private decision makers, monitors implementation and enforcement of policies and mechanisms, holds decision makers accountable, safeguards gender and social inclusion, and demands and consumes sustainable products;

• A Responsible Private Sector implementing comprehensive policies and innovative inclusive business models for truly sustainable sourcing, production, trade and investment;

• A Supportive Public Sector enforcing national, regional and international comprehensive norms and regulatory frameworks that ensure sustainable production, trade and consumption.


This consortium has come together in a broad coalition of local civil society partners under one unified banner in a proposed strategic partnership with the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to embark on an ambitious goal: to RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! We do this in service to our local constituencies: farmers, workers and their communities. The RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Consortium (RSC) is deeply rooted in local societies with a local identity, ownership and autonomy, and local staff under local leadership, acting in compliance with local legislation. The consortium comprises of: FundaciĆ³n Solidaridad Latinoamericana, Solidaridad West Africa, Solidaridad Southern Africa, Solidaridad East & Central Africa, Solidaridad Asia, and Solidaridad Europe; FairFood; Business Watch Indonesia (BWI) and TrustAfrica .

2.0 The Cotton & Textile Project under RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Program

2.1 Background

In Africa, cotton provides an income to over 3.5 million farmers and their families, and 17% of those lead farmers are women. Sub-Saharan African countries export more than 90% of the raw cotton lint they produce, earning approximately USD 15.5 billion in 2018 for over 1.5 million metric tons of lint. The cotton sector in Ethiopia engages about 157,000 small scale cotton farmers and 1,400 commercial cotton growing private investors/farms creating jobs for 1,050,000 workers and some 2,000 workers in 16 functional Ginneries. In recent years, alongside increasing consumer awareness and commitments made by the industry, the production and consumption of sustainable cotton and textiles have become more common. Several Multi Stakeholder Initiatives (MSIs), networks, standards, certification bodies, etc., have been set up, with or without direct influence of Solidaridad, all with the focus to make the sector more sustainable. The topic of due diligence and the responsibility of brands was introduced by the OECD, which raised even more awareness on the topic of sustainable behaviour. But also themes like transparency, legislation, remediation of risks are often heard, and starting to influence the debate. Despite these welcome advances however, social and environmental issues still prevent cotton and textiles from being fully sustainable. Textiles workers and cotton farmers continue to face multiple dimensions of poverty. Not only low wages keep workers in a cycle of poverty, but they also lead to excessive overtime hours, affecting health, safety, and productivity. In most cases, ensuring a decent living standard for workers would require a doubling or tripling of their current salary or income. Many cotton farmers live below the poverty line and are open to exploitation by middlemen or ginners who buy cotton, at prices below the cost of production.

2.2 Cotton & Textile Project Objectives:

● Accelerate disruptive innovations that optimise the bargaining position of farmers and workers in the supply chain, through innovative, digital, circular, and fair production and trade.

● Advocate through inclusive dialogue creating, strengthening and joining networks to enhance access to knowledge and information, facilitates an informed dialogue in which vulnerable groups can speak up, and policy makers can make informed decisions.

● The voice of citizenry amplified through mobilised, activated and engaged citizens and csos to change norms, and influence the policy agenda, for the range of issues highlighted in the problem analysis

● Civil society strengthened through strengthen the ability of farmers, workers, and civil society to claim and defend rights, and influence decision making


In RS! we take a gender and social inclusion approach in all the program interventions. Through a lens of intersectionality, we examine different forms of inequality resulting from gender and social differences, and power imbalances, and then tailor interventions. The program applies an Inclusivity of ABC strategy:

Analyse and address barriers for participation

Balance power relations

Create togetherness based on shared interest and values

Through the three impact pathways while applying gender & social inclusion approach throughout all six commodity value chain interventions RS! End results is to change the relative position of women and other marginalized groups - youth, indigenous and migrants’ groups. At the close of RS! The marginalized groups are strengthened, and policies and social norms that perpetuate inequalities deconstructed. Projects within RS! will actively engage women and men on these topics to address the root causes and resulting barriers to gender equality and social inclusion in the specific contexts of the programme.

One of the impact pathways tailor-made and sector-specific to increase and maintain civic space:

Amplification of the citizenry voice: RS! interventions will set forth rebalancing of power by way of changing norms in constant awareness raising campaigns, ranging from consumer campaigns, to local awareness campaigns on gender norms, production practices; applying (digital) tools, varying from companies’ benchmarks publications (Sustainable Cotton Ranking, True Price) to transparency and traceability initiatives; and citizen led movements calling for action (petitions).

3.1 Objectives of the Gender Analysis:

RS! Seeks to examine inequalities resulting from multiple identities of our target clients - farmers, miners and workers - these multiple identities may result in discrimination as this is a matter of layered-on inequality hence the demand for intersectional gender analysis. In this particular case, the analysis must therefore pay attention to intersectionality given that a commitment of RS! to policies and social norms requires attention to power dynamics at work. The gender analysis will be expected to utilize well recognized gender analysis methodologies taking the analysis at the three levels of micro, meso and macro while identifying gender relations, gender issues, constraints/opportunities and inequalities in the Cotton and textile sector. The levels of analysis are illustrated in the table below.

Micro-analyses - Individual/household

Meso-analysis - Community, CBOs, farmer groups, associations etc.

Macro-analysis - Public/policy

3.2 Methodology:

The methodology for the gender analysis will utilize gender analysis methodologies that will generate information on gender relations, gender issues, constraints, opportunities and inequalities in the Cotton and textile sector at the micro, meso and macro level while using an intersectionality lens.

The methodology used during this gender analysis will overall, include, but not be limited to the following:

  • Review existing relevant secondary information and reports related to gender variables in the Cotton and textile production, processing and marketing. This to include the review of policy, strategy reviews at the macro and meso levels identifying the extent to which they consider gender and intersectionality.

  • Discuss with key Solidaridad staff, partners, and key informants at office and field implementation levels on gender and intersectionality variables in the Cotton and textile sector.

  • Data collection at micro level focusing on the Individual/households in the Cotton and textile growing communities to identify the gender relations, gender issues, constraints and opportunities at this level of players. And the power dynamics in the Cotton and textile sector at this level of analysis. The consultant will utilize gender analysis tools that generate the gender relations, gender issues, social exclusion issues, constraints, opportunities and inequalities among others.

  • Data collection at meso level focusing on the Community, CBOs, farmer groups, associations etc. Using gender and social analysis tools that generate the gender relations, gender issues, social exclusion issues, constraints/opportunities and inequalities among others.

  • Special emphasis will be put on women spaces, youth engagement, and people with disabilities participation, so as to understand and recommend interventions on issues concerning these interest groups from a gender, youth, and people with disability inclusion’s perspective.

  • Use of data from local institutions or organizations.

  • Data analysis and verification of analyzed data.

3.2.1 Geographical area and Stakeholders’ scope

The Gender analysis will be carried out in Ethiopia with specific Cotton growing and textile locations agreed upon during the inception phase. The stakeholders and actors in the Cotton and textile industry will be the primary target with specifics agreed upon during the inception phase meeting.

3.3 Deliverables

  1. ### Inception Report for the Gender Analysis
  2. ### Presentation of gender analysis methodology to Solidaridad team in an inception meeting and later incorporate suggestions in the final inception report.
  3. ### A draft report of the gender analysis for feedback and comments from Solidaridad and partners involved.
  4. ### Presentation on the main findings of the gender analysis for validation involving project teams, and other stakeholders as agreed with the project team.

An intersectional and gender Analysis report will be developed in the following format:

i. Table of contents

ii. List of Acronyms/abbreviations

iii. Acknowledgments

iv. Executive summary

v. Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Background

  • Purpose of the intersectional and gender Analysis

  • Overview of report content

  • Limitations of the study

vi. Chapter 2: Methodology

  • A description of the intersectional and gender Analysis methodology used

  • micro, meso and macro level

vii. Chapter 3: Results of the intersectional and gender Analysis

  1. Micro level

  2. Gender and Social issues/constraints and opportunities identified and findings of existing gender relations, power relations as per the theoretical intersectionality and gender analysis tools agreed upon in the inception meeting.

  3. A detailed framework/matrix matching the constraints & opportunities with related proposed interventions.

  4. Meso level

  5. Gender and Social issues existing in the commodity value chain as identified with and by varied stakeholders (stakeholder perspectives):

  6. local community perspective

  7. commercial stakeholders

  8. local CSO/CBO perspective

  9. Intersectional gendered strategies to challenge or resist different forms of power around gender discriminatory or social exclusion issues identified that exist at meso level e.g. community, cooperative, CBO etc. hindering inclusion, empowerment or equality for example lack of land rights among indigenous groups.

  10. Varied contextualized strategies to build transformative power and work towards addressing the identified gender discriminatory or social exclusion issues with those with power, those affected and in circles where the issues take place.

  11. Existing efforts by stakeholders and capacity (including capacity gaps) to address the gender and social issues through stakeholder’s service provision mechanism for the affected groups.

  12. Macro level

  13. An examination of values, objectives, expected results and action of implemented policy(ies) to bridge/address commodity-based value chain gender gaps and social exclusions in light of the gender relations, roles, and identities of the target.

  14. Strengths and gaps of the project to influence gender and inclusion actions at policy level

viii. Chapter 4: Lessons learnt and key challenges

ix. Chapter 5: Conclusions and recommendations

x. Appendices (to include the intersectionality and gender analysis tools used)

xi. List of tables

3.4 Expert/Consultant’s Profile:

Consultancy firms/companies with verifiable work in conducting gender analysis and who fulfil the following requirements are encouraged to express their interests.

  • Demonstrates an understanding of the gender technical aspects in relation to the assignment.

  • Has been part of a similar engagement e.g. gender analysis and was able to fully deliver.

  • Education background. A MUST have minimum academic post graduate qualification in Gender studies. Or an equivalent of a minimum of a Postgraduate qualification in Social sciences. Experience in development work in gender, social inclusion and women empowerment is a plus.

  • Shows prior experience supported by capability in practical application of different gender mainstreaming tools or specific tools needed to accomplish the assignment e.g. analytical tools.

3.5 Consultancy Period:

The overall time frame of the survey will be 20 days (including Saturdays and Sundays), which will include inception meetings, finalizing the methodology, data collection, data analysis, report writing, presenting findings of the gender analysis and submission of the final report.

  1. Interested parties should submit a Technical and Financial proposal. Budget proposals should include logistics costs (transport, communications, meals and accommodation). - 8th August 2021, 5:00pm (EAT)

  2. Decision of selected consultant - only selected candidates will be contacted. - 10th August 2021

  3. Inception report and meeting (virtual or in-person depending on covid19 situation).- 12th August 2021, 5:00pm (EAT)

  4. Draft report submitted - 26th August 2021, 5:00pm (EAT)

  5. Validation meeting and final report (virtual or in-person depending on covid19 situation). - 29th August 2021, 5:00pm (EAT)

How to apply:

Application process:

The consultancy firms/companies are required to submit an EOI containing a statement on candidate’s experience with similar assignments, curriculum vitae, financial proposal and work plan by 8th August 2021 at 5:00 (EAT). All applicants must meet the minimum requirements described above, those unable to meet the requirement will not be considered.

Each EOI submission should be not more than 15 pages and include the following:

  • ### A brief proposal for the methodology and work plan.
  • ### A sample/samples of previous related work.
  • ### A financial proposal with a budget with breakdowns of different costs involved, to the finer detail. Budget with aggregated figures will not be accepted.
  • ### Updated CVs for the team leader and team members (each CV not more than 2 pages). The team must include gender specialists academically qualified in gender studies or an equivalent in social sciences or related field of study. Gender specialists on the team will score very highly.
  • ### Contact details of 3 references with complete contact information (i.e. name, organization, title position, address, email, telephone).

Subject reference: EOI Gender Analysis- RECLAIM SUSTAINABILITY! Cotton and textile Project

Submissions are by email to while addressed to:

Attn: Managing Director

Solidaridad Eastern and Central Africa Expertise Centre

Kilimani Business Centre, Kirichwa Road,

P.O. Box 42234 - 00100 GPO


Note: Canvassing will lead to automatic disqualification and only successful candidates will be contacted.



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