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TERMS OF REFERENCE - End- Term Evaluation Project - Reducing Sexual Exploitation of Girls in Bahir Dar in Ethiopia

Country: Ethiopia
Organization: Terre des Hommes Netherlands
Closing date: 13 Nov 2020

Intervention Details:


Reducing Sexual Exploitation of Girls in Bahir Dar Project in Ethiopia


To contribute to reduction of the incidence of commercial sexual exploitation of girls in Bahir Dar town and surrounding areas.


  • Girls at risk of/victims to CSEC are supported to protect themselves from sexual exploitation,

  • Families and communities in and around Bahir Dar town are well-informed and supported and protect children from commercial sexual exploitation,

  • Local government sectoral offices, and police in Bahir Dar area implement plans and policies for combating commercial sexual exploitation of children,

  • CSOs coordinate/collaborate to respond to cases of commercial sexual exploitation of girls in Bahir Dar,

  • Private sector actors in Bahir D


3 Sub Cities ( Fasilo, Gish Abay and Belay Zeleke) in Bahir Dar Town Administration in Amhara Region of Ethiopia




  • 150 girls victim to commercial sexual exploitation withdrawn, rehabilitated and reintegrated to the community

  • 750 vulnerable girls supported educationally with provision of scholastic materials (school uniforms, exercise book, pens, pencils, bags)

  • 150 female headed households supported economically,

  • 20,000 community members reached through awareness raising activities

  • Capacity building support (training) provided for 120 government representatives (including police)

  • 90 private sector representatives trained on child protection

  • A CSO network established consisting of 30 members for collaboration and referral network

Implementing partner (s)

Forum on Sustainable Child Empowerment (FSCE)

  1. Background

Significant number of children in Ethiopia are highly affected by and exposed to exploitation including - child sexual abuse and exploitation, unsafe migration, trafficking, and family separation, labor exploitation, harmful traditional practices, and child abuse. Ethiopia’s patriarchal society holds the rights of women and children in lower regard, and is also deeply religious. The Orthodox Church plays an important role in society. The greatest obstacles to achieving gender equality are the deeply entrenched social norms that are preventing women and girls from realizing their full potential.

A study conducted by the Population Council in Ethiopia in 2017 revealed that domestic work is frequently the initial survival strategy for rural Ethiopian girls migrating to urban areas. Following migration from rural areas, most girls enter the workforce as domestic workers, because it is a readily available form of work requiring little or no education. Among migrant girls interviewed, 67 percent first enter the work world in domestic work. However, they frequently move into other forms of work, with only 38 percent of migrants still in domestic work in their second position, post-migration. Between their first and second paid work, a significant proportion of girls transition to commercial sex work (from 7 to 17 percent).

Bahir Dar is a capital city of Amhara Regional State. It is located at the shore of Lake Tana, 565 Km Northwest from Addis Ababa. According to the 2013 Population Projection of Ethiopia for All Regions At Woreda Level, in 2016, the total population of Bahir Dar town is estimated to be 311,724 out of which 147,785 are male while 163,939 are female. Out of the total population of the town children under the age of 15 accounts for 88,306 (28.3%).

Bahir Dar is one of the fastest growing urban settings in Ethiopia. As a result of this, the city is experiencing a huge rural –urban influx. Apart from the case of migration, various socio economic problems like poverty, unemployment, prostitution, begging, crime, disability, street children, female genital cutting, early marriage as well as sexual abuse and exploitation of children are also common in the city. In addition to this, Bahir Dar is one of the emerging industrial zones in the north western part of Ethiopia. The existence of the industrial zone allowed a considerable number of rural populations to settle for daily labour and in search of other employment opportunities in the area. Since significant populations that reside in the area are from rural areas, they follow traditional ways of life. These traditional way of life is mainly characterized by practice of child marriage and labour exploitation. And in most cases girls will not be supported to pursue education. As a result of this, female children/girls are more vulnerable to sexual abuse and becoming victims of exploitation. Therefore, TdHNL in partnership with FSCE, designed the project entitled: Reducing Sexual Exploitation of Girls in Bahir City (ReSEG) project for implementation between 2018 and 2020.

  1. Evaluation purpose and use

This evaluation is designed to provide documented evidence of changes brought about by the intervention in addition to extracting key lessons learned and promising practices which can be adopted for use when developing interventions towards eradicating Commercial Sexual Exploitation of children (CSEC) in Ethiopia and other similar contexts. It will also serve as an important accountability purpose for TdH NL by identifying the extent to which outcomes and impact has been achieved. . Both TdH NL and its implementing partner FSCE will be the prime users of the evaluation. Moreover, the key learning/findings will be used by other CSOs.

  1. Evaluation objectives

The main objective of the evaluation is to examine the extent to which the project has brought meaningful results for project beneficiaries, and identify key areas that can be replicated in similar interventions.

The specific objectives of this end evaluation is:

  • To examine the extent to which the project impact and results have been achieved .

  • To assess how the project contributed to the impact including key enabling and/or constraining factors that led to project achievements

  • To identify how the project benefited the beneficiaries.(include the two most significant change stories/case studies)

  • To examine the unintended/unplanned effects of the project among the target beneficiaries local communities and wider context

  • To examine project components, strategies and activities that can be replicated in similar projects

  • To assess whether project activities can be deemed sustainable at the local level and among implementing organizations

  • To identify main lessons learnt and recommendations for future implementation on CSEC programming in Ethiopia and in projects designed under similar contexts

  • Evaluation Scope

The scope of the evaluation includes a review and assessment of all activities carried out under the project. All activities that have been implemented from project inception through time of evaluation fieldwork should be considered. The evaluation should assess the achievements of the project in reaching its targets and objectives as outlined in the project documents. The evaluation should address issues of project design, implementation, effectiveness, lessons learned, replicability and provide recommendations for current and future projects. The proposed evaluation time frame is between 15th November to 15th December 2020. The evaluation will take place in Amhara Region, Bahir Dar Town Administration ( Fasilo, Gish Abay and Belay Zeleke).

  1. Evaluation criteria and questions

The key questions that need to be answered by this evaluation include the following, divided into four categories of analysis. The four overall evaluation criteria –Relevance, Impact, Effectiveness, Sustainability, as well as Coherence, Child Participation and knowledge generation. Evaluators in consultation with and approval by TdH, may propose additional/alternative evaluation criterions and the associated evaluations questions.


Specific Evaluation Questions


How relevant were the objectives and activities, implemented by the project, in addressing the needs of the target population

To what extent have the project objectives proven to have been appropriate for the intervention?

How have the activities implemented improved their lives? Are there any stories of change?

How has the programme identified and addressed the needs of the key stakeholders such as children, their families and communities?


The evaluation should assess the positive and negative changes produced by the project— intended and unintended, direct and indirect, -as reported by respondents

What are the project impacts on the direct beneficiaries as compared to baseline?

What are the unintended/unplanned effects of the project among the target beneficiaries local communities and wider context

What are the project’s impact, if any, on government and policy structures in terms of system-wide change on CSEC issues?

How did the interventions in the project contribute to the impact?

How did the project result in key changes(positive or negative) in the lives of the target beneficiaries? Include at least two most significant change stories or case studies


The evaluation should assess whether the project has reached its objectives, and the effectiveness of project activities in contributing toward those objectives

Has the project accurately identified and targeted children engaged in, or at risk of CSEC in, the target sectors identified in the project documents?

Has the project achieved its targets and objectives as stated in the project document? What factors contributed to the success and/or underachievement of each of the objectives?

How effective were the specific intervention strategies used in this project in preventing and protecting children from CSEC? With specific attention to those directed towards the private sector engagement, law enforcement agencies and CSOs capacity to address the CSEC?

How effective has the project been in preventing children withdrawn from CTM/ CSEC from receding? What is their current status?


The evaluation should assess whether the project has taken steps to ensure the continuation of project activities after the completion of the program

Was the sustainability plan integrated into the project design? Will it likely be effective?

How are the achieved results, especially the positive changes generated by the project in the lives of the beneficiaries at the impact level, going to be sustained after this project ends?

What specific project components are likely to continue after the project ends? Especially in regard to safe schools,community care coalitions and volunteers


The evaluation should equally assess how the project aligned with actions of other actors within the CP space.

How were the project interventions aligned to other actions within the child protection space within and without the intervention area/region?

Were synergies built, strengthened and accessed to ensure quality and sustainable delivery of outputs, as well as attainment of outcomes?

To what extent did CSOs actively engage their constituency (private sector, government and law enforcement officers) to advocate for identified child rights issues?

Child Participation

Children being the key stakeholder, how was their involvement in decision making as well as project delivery?

To what extent did the girls and boys participate in the project interventions?

At what stage of the project intervention were children involved?

In what ways did the children participate?

Knowledge Generation

What are the key lessons that need to be shared with practitioners implementing CSEC Projects in ET? Identify lessons per criteria

What are the key promising practices that can be replicated in other projects or countries that implement CSEC projects and how can they be replicated?

What are the recommendations for advocacy or implementation by the local authorities and other partners?

  1. Evaluation Methodology and Approach

To sufficiently address the specific objectives, TdH-NL proposes a participatory mixed method approach with the involvement of children, local communities and project implementers in key evaluation tasks. In addition we expect the evaluation to undertake a contribution analysis to assess the project contribution to the impact. Existing project documents that includes progress reports will be shared by the implementing partner and TdH-NL to the evaluator to facilitate these tasks.The evaluator is expected to conduct the evaluation in a rigorous manner to produce information that is valid and reliable based on quality data and analysis.The proposed methods include desk review, surveys ,focused group discussions, and most significant stories/case studies.

The evaluator is also expected to propose his/her elaborated methodology, which should include but is not limited to:

  • Documents/desk Review

  • Develop a question matrix outlining the sources of data for each of the evaluation question

  • Using appropriate sampling methods, identify project beneficiaries to be involved in the evaluation.

  • Develop a list of names of project individuals to be interviewed (KIIs).

  • Consult with ET Programme, M&E and partner teams on methods and techniques and finalize methodology before execution of field activities.

  • Undertake field activities -surveys including FGDs, in-depth interviews

  • Conduct data analysis

  • Prepare a draft report and at least two most significant change stories documented in the course of the project intervention or discovered in the course of the evaluation exercise

  • Deliverables

In accordance with the timetable, the evaluator (s) will produce:

  • A draft inception report which responds to the scope of work with a methodology, survey instruments,detailed work plan and budget.

  • A field work implementation plan (to be submitted before field work begins). This field work plan should be presented to the TdH Country office/ Regional Office for comments, and revised as necessary prior to commencing field work.

  • A comprehensive draft end-term evaluation report including a clear set of actionable recommendations

  • A final end-term evaluation report incorporating feedback from TdH

  • Develop a set of monitoring tools to be used by TdH to adequately measure results and objective/impact

TdH will oversee the process and maintain responsibility for accountability and guidance throughout all phases of execution, and approval of all deliverables.

  1. Budget

Financial proposals should be included which outline ALL costs required for conducting the evaluation with details of itemized costs for each task.

  1. Final report format

Outline end-term evaluation report

  1. In line with the UNCRC, Terre des Hommes Netherlands strives to keep children safe in all its undertakings. A screening and reference check of the successful candidate will be conducted during the selection process. The successful applicant will be required to read, understand, and commit to abide by TdH-NL’s Child Safeguarding Policies and Guidelines. The institution/firm or individual consultant will sign the policies to indicate an understanding of, and commitment to follow the policy requirements. The methodologies used in this evaluation must abide by the universally acceptable standards for involving children in research. Special considerations will have to be taken into account when involving children who are survivors of sexual exploitation, ensuring the risk of retraumatization is sufficiently mitigated.

Please note that consultants working for Terre des Hommes Netherlands are required to sign and abide by the organisation’s Child Safeguarding Policy and expected to uphold the core values of the organisation during their period of assignment.

  1. Evaluator (s) Competencies, Experience and Skill requirements

The evaluator (s) engaged to undertake the assignment must fulfil the following requirements:

The team for this assignment will comprise of the consultant who will have overall responsibility of designing, implementing and coordinating the entire process guided by the TOR. The skills and expertise are as outlined below:

Qualifications/experiences required

  • At least a postgraduate degree in Social sciences and/or Human Rights

  • Experience with child rights and child trafficking/commercial sexual exploitation of children projects in ET

  • Proven experience in conducting End of Project Impact evaluations

  • Experience in working with NGOs, CBOs and beneficiary communities

  • Excellent communication skills in written and spoken English

  • Good report writing skills (concise and clear reporting, good presentation of data and sources of information)

  • Strong analytical skills.

  • Ability to devote enough time to this assignment and meet deadlines.

  • Willingness to travel and flexibility to manage changing circumstances.

  • Good working knowledge of Amharic Language

  • Management and supervision

The evaluator (s) will work in close consultation with the Country Manager and Regional PM&E Coordinator for the coordination of the end-term evaluation.

Mathias Weyessa

Country Manager

Email address:

Office Address:

Terre des Hommes Netherlands, Ethiopia Office

7th Floor Duki Building, Meskel Flower Square

Addis Ababa | Ethiopia

Telephone Tel.: +251 11470 2140/41

Edwin Wafula

Regional M&E Coordinator

Email address:

Office Address:

Terre des Hommes Netherlands,

East Africa

P. O. Box 76340-00508

Nairobi, Kenya

M: +254 722 209581 / +254 786 209581

The Country Office and FSCE will provide preparatory and logistical assistance to the evaluator (s), including:

  • Background materials (project proposal, quarterly report data, annual reports, baseline report, mid-term report, etc))

  • Meetings, phone/ email communication with relevant TdH and FSCE staffs

  • Identify interviewees and provide contact information

  • All logistical support for the field visit

  • Arranging meetings and appointments with stakeholders and beneficiaries in the field ( if necessary)

How to apply:

TdH NL Ethiopia Country Office invites interested individuals and companies to submit the following application documents:

  1. Technical proposal (max. 10 pages) outlining their motivation for the application, the methodological approach on how to conduct the assignment, and the resources required (documents, survey questions, FGD and KII checklists, etc).

  2. A proposed activities schedule/ Work plan with time frame.

  3. Copy of the CV of the evaluator (s) who will undertake the baseline study.

  4. One recent example of a similar evaluation report written by the applicant.

  5. Financial proposal detailing evaluators itemized fees, data collection and administrative costs.

Please address queries and applications to the following email address: The deadline for applying is November 13th 2020 at 5:00pm.


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