Ethiopia: International Consultancy to Support the Development of the Country Programme for Ethiopia on Inclusive Jobs and Education

Ethiopia: International Consultancy to Support the Development of the Country Programme for Ethiopia on Inclusive Jobs and Education

Organization: International Labour Organization
Country: Ethiopia
Closing date: 26 Mar 2019

Terms of Reference

International Consultancy to Support the Development of the Country Programme for Ethiopia on Inclusive Jobs and Education


Up to 3.5 million people are forcibly displaced in Ethiopia. The country is highly vulnerable to ongoing man-made and natural disasters, enhanced by its close proximity to conflict-prone countries Somalia, Eritrea, South Sudan and Sudan, in a region also highly vulnerable to climate change. Ethiopia is one of the countries with high levels of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) with 2,598,872[1] IDPs in 2018. It also hosts the second largest refugee population in Africa, with more than 900,000 refugees and asylum seekers.[2] Refugees and IDPs are displaced in localities with often weak local government and strained social services. Displaced people, especially women and children, face increased protection risks including separation from families and unsafe movement or migration to meet survival or livelihood needs, as well as psychosocial distress, exposure to physical and sexual abuse, harmful traditional practices and possible trafficking.[3] Responding to the scale and complexity of the situation requires considerable government commitment and community cooperation, as well as significant national and international investment.

In September 2016, 193 government leaders, including from Ethiopia and the Netherlands, made commitments through the New York Declaration (NYD) on Refugees and Migrants to ensure shared responsibility in tackling the global challenge of increasing numbers of refugees and migrants. The NYD also set out the key elements of a Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) to be applied to large-scale movements of refugees and protracted refugee situations. Ethiopia made nine significant policy pledges related to the NYD and formally accepted to become a CRRF roll-out country in February 2017. Having launched the CRRF nationally in November 2017, the government is currently drafting a ten-year National Comprehensive Refugee Response Strategy (NCRRS). This will be followed with the development of area-based ‘Action Plans’ for refugee-hosting areas.

At the same time, the revised Refugee Proclamation was adopted by Parliament in January 2019. This will provide the overarching legislation and foundation for the implementation of the pledges, the NCRRS and the CRRF, especially in terms of refugees accessing livelihoods opportunities in an ‘out of camp’ context and strengthening integrated education services. There are also regional efforts being made to address population movements and their impacts, such as the 2017 Djibouti Declaration[4] and the upcoming thematic meeting on Jobs and Livelihoods, under the auspices of the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), confirming Ethiopia’s commitment towards more refugee inclusion in national systems.

A major focus of Ethiopia’s pledges, the NCRRS and CRRF is alignment with Ethiopia’s national Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP II) priority on economic expansion – increasing jobs for Ethiopians, with a committed allocation for refugee employment. Key to this initiative is the government’s recognition of the protracted nature of refugee populations and a policy shift from encampment towards the sustainable management of refugee situations in more integrated ‘settlements’ settings, and with sustainable economic opportunities within the medium to long-term perspective. Emphasis is placed on ‘out of camp’ opportunities and human capital for refugees, as well as improving integrated social services across refugee and host communities by strengthening national systems.

The scale of the IDP crisis in Ethiopia warrants substantial attention. There is a political and humanitarian imperative to respond to internal displacement which amounts to approximately three times the number of refugees in country. The situation is complex in Ethiopia, with the long-term prospects of IDPs being dependent on the status of natural or man-made disasters and/or government decisions on how to return or relocate IDPs after the crisis. However, there is currently no national IDP strategy, including any policy or guidance on solutions. Most IDP sites are also not covered by the limited social welfare and protection (social protection) systems available in the regions, including SGBV prevention and response, the identification and referral of unaccompanied and separated children and the effective detection and response of persons with specific needs. The recurrent nature of displacement from drought, flooding and conflict is challenging resilience and coping skills.

Current localised response plans and practices are ad-hoc and sub-standard in many respects, largely driven by the humanitarian cluster system. Additionally, sub-national capacity for humanitarian response (planning and delivery) is low. Institutions and systems need strengthening to provide a more coordinated and systemic response. Investment is required to strengthen all accountability mechanisms, with necessary advocacy and dialogue.

Going forward, there is a critical need to help transform the way the government and other stakeholders, including the private sector and host communities themselves, respond to forced displacement crises by supporting continued progress towards the creation of progressive policy environments for refugees to enhance self-reliance and help host communities in their poverty reduction efforts, at the same time as ensuring a protective environment and related national capacities and mechanisms are in place. Protection needs to remain high on the agenda, with services and personnel for prevention and response to violence, exploitation, discrimination and neglect, as well as related to labour and issues likely to arise from refugees venturing out of the camp context to participate economically in Ethiopian society. This implies specific links to social welfare, justice and other services.

Partnership for Improving Prospects

In response to this context and with the generous support and engagement of the Government of the Netherlands, UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, IFC and the World Bank are developing a joint and fully integrated approach to respond to the forced displacement situation in Ethiopia, called “Partnership for Improving Prospects”. The timing of this partnership is opportune – as new governance and coordination mechanisms are being formed. In addition, it is well placed to build upon government pledges and strategies, catalyse momentum and generate effective action and real benefits for refugees, IDPs and host communities.

It is expected that the partnership will also play an important role in influencing IDP policy and practice in Ethiopia, with distinction drawn between ongoing ‘humanitarian’ IDP operations and a focus on more sustainable ‘developmental’ responses. It is foreseen that, with a focus on creating more economic opportunities for IDP returnees in host areas, this will also provide a forum for advocacy for Ethiopia to progress on ratifying the ‘Kampala Convention’ and moving towards a consistent IDP policy, response and protection practice based on voluntariness and inclusion, with the participation of civil society in IDP situations consistent with international humanitarian principles and Ethiopia’s international commitments.

A joint Country Vision Note and Call For Funds for 2019 have been developed as first steps in the process. These will be followed by the development and design of a Joint Country Programme, built on the basis of the Country Vision Note in line with Results Based Management (RBM) principles (as per United Nations Development Group RBM Handbook). The Joint Country Programme will be developed between April and September 2019 to be submitted to the Embassy of the Netherlands in Addis Ababa by 1 October 2019.

Scope of work

Under the leadership of the Partners, the consultant will facilitate the development of the Joint Country Programme for Ethiopia, building on relevant partners’ inputs, with specific attention to result-based management (RBM). In addition, s/he will facilitate the development of the Call for Funds for 2020 for the Partnership based on consultations and the outcomes of Year 1 activities (2019). The deliverables to be submitted according to the timeline below:

  1. Joint Country Programme

  2. Situation analysis;

  3. Theory of change;

  4. Joint results framework and narrative on proposed activities;

  5. Approximate budget and principal activities for the 4 years of the programme (including the already established 2019 budget to ensure coherence and consistency);

  6. M&E framework;

  7. Governance structure.

  8. Call for funds for 2020, following the appropriate format.

    The Joint Country Programme should be in alignment with the UNDAF, national development plan, various sectoral strategies, and other key national development strategies. The consultant will coordinate the planning, consultations and drafting of the programme documents and ensure timely and quality inputs on programme design from the involved agencies (UNHCR, UNICEF, IFC, ILO and World Bank), the donor (Embassy of the Netherlands), government, private sector, social partners, beneficiary groups (including from among the refugee, IDP and host community populations) and other stakeholders as relevant.

    The programme design should be in line with the Global Vision Strategy on “Inclusive Jobs and Education for Displaced Persons and Host Communities”, the Country Vision Note, the 2019 Call For Funds and the M&E framework developed by the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and should be informed through regular consultations and communications with the relevant stakeholders.

Tasks and activities

In terms of the tasks and activities to be carried out by the consultant:

  • The consultant will be located in Addis Ababa for the duration of the contract. It is also anticipated that travel will be required to the field, in particular the geographical intervention areas of the programme.

  • A secondary desk review of existing and relevant research and assessment publications and activities will be essential to ensure coherence and integration with other relevant humanitarian and development programmes and activities, including those of national bodies.

  • The consultant will support the programme governance structures, including the Embassy of the Netherlands, UNICEF, UNHCR, ILO, WB and IFC, and ensure close consultation and communications with these stakeholders in particular.

  • The work will require engagement with different government ministries and institutions, other UN agencies, other international organisations, donors, national social partners, civil society, beneficiary groups and other relevant stakeholders to be identified.

  • The process will be informed by relevant M&E frameworks, experience and expertise developed at the global level and to be adjusted to the context.

Duties and responsibilities

  • Ensure comprehensive stakeholder engagement and participation (at all levels), building on previous stakeholder consultations, the CVN and 2019 Call For Funds.

  • Organise thematic discussions with all partners on issues of key relevance.

  • Propose format and programme of further consultations with stakeholder groups, including national and local actors and beneficiaries.

  • Plan, undertake, guide and follow up stakeholder consultations.

  • In consultation with the partnership and particularly the Embassy of the Netherlands, develop and review the RBM approach and the M&E framework in light of the outcomes of previous workshops at international and local levels.

  • Draft the programme documents, which should contain as a minimum a clear:

  • Situation analysis;

  • Theory of Change (including risks, assumptions and mitigation measures);

  • Results framework;

  • Costed work plan for 2020 (in line with the results framework);

  • Costed M&E plan;

  • Operational risks and mitigation document.

  • Based on the draft programme documents, plan and undertake further stakeholder consultations to validate the draft programme document.

  • Support the partnership with updates and respond to feedback from the Government of the Netherlands based on stakeholder consultations.

  • Carry out other relevant tasks that may arise during the contract period.

Expected deliverables and timing

Approximate timeline (dates may be subject to change)

  1. Inception report - incorporating work plan as per consultations with stakeholder groups to identify viable options for effective programme design by April 2019.

  2. Situation analysis - Desk review and analytical assessment to inform development and design of the programme, based on Country Vision Note and secondary desk review of existing research and assessment resources, focusing in particular on proposed geographical areas by April-May 2019.

  3. Programme of consultations with identified stakeholders at national and local levels and regular meetings of the partnership. This will include timely technical and thematic workshops, including theory of change by April-July 2019.

  4. Draft programme document developed based on above and continued partner technical inputs by July-August 2019.

  5. Final programme documents and 2020 work plan validated by key stakeholders by August-September 2019.

  6. Reviewed final programme document incorporating inputs from Government of the Netherlands. (final version to be submitted to the Embassy of the Netherlands in Addis Ababa by 1 October 2019) by September 2019.

Desired background qualifications, experience and competences

The consultant will be expected to have the following qualifications and skills:

1. Education (knowledge):

  • Post-graduate qualification in relevant field (social science, social policy, business administration, economics, development studies, etc.).

2. Experience:


  • 10 years of progressive experience in designing and managing complex multi-stakeholder multi-year programmes. It would be an added advantage if this included in refugee and/or IDP settings.

  • Experience with Results Based Management trainings and application.

  • Experience in coordinating /facilitating development of multiple agency joint programmes.

  • Experience in and ability to coordinate UN agencies and interact at the professional level with donor representatives and other stakeholders, particularly government (national and local).

  • Experience working in Africa and experience working in Ethiopia an asset.


  • Current knowledge and understanding of the latest development and evidence on learning/education, skills, employability, employment creation and private sector development.

3. Skills and competences:

  • Demonstrable analytical and research skills, review and synthesis of data and information.

  • High level of competency in working with people, drive for results and communication.

  • Ability to work efficiently and effectively with programme members in various locations and from multiple organizations, including remotely writing and revising proposal documents.

  • Ability to integrate different experiences, methodologies, and approaches from a diverse range of stakeholders, organizations, and technical experts from multiple sectors.

  • Excellent oral and written English skills.

Responsibilities and line of reporting

The consultant will be under the supervision of the Partners. The assignment and all the meetings and activities will take place in Ethiopia.

Timing and duration of contract

Approximately 6 months between April-October 2019.

[1] IDMC, 2018, Ethiopia tops global list of highest internal displacement in 2018,

[2] UNHCR 2018, Ethiopia Operational Update, available at:

[3] UNHCR, 2018:


How to apply:

Candidates interested in this consultancy are invited to submit their CVs to no later than 26 March 2019.

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